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gdb調試時的問題:Missing separate debuginfos, use...

日期:2017/3/3 15:46:27      编辑:關於Linux

在CentOS6.4下使用gdb進行調試的時候,

使用bt(breaktrace)命令時,會彈出如下的提示:

頭一天提示:

Missing separate debuginfos, use: debuginfo-install glibc-2.12-1.107.el6.i686

問題沒解決,第二天提示:

Missing separate debuginfos, use: debuginfo-install glibc-2.12-1.132.el6.i686

但是直接按提示使用 debuginfo-install glibc-2.12-1.132.el6.i686 去安裝的時候會報如下的信息:

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

* base: mirrors.yun-idc.com

* extras: mirrors.yun-idc.com

* updates: mirrors.yun-idc.com

Checking for new repos for mirrors

No debuginfo packages available to install

使用yum來進行安裝:

sudo yum --nogpgcheck --enablerepo=debug install glibc-debuginfo

卻提示:Error Downloading Packages:

glibc-debuginfo-common-2.12-1.132.el6.i686: failure: glibc-debuginfo-common-2.12-1.132.el6.i686.rpm from debug: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.

更多精彩內容:http://www.bianceng.cn/OS/Linux/

使用yum install glibc安裝,發現只是安裝了一些基本庫,不包含 glibc-debuginfo

後來搜索發現需要先修改“/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Debuginfo.repo”文件的enable=1

文件內容如下:

# CentOS-Debug.repo  
#  
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the  
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and  
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates  
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.  
#  
      
# All debug packages from all the various CentOS-5 releases  
# are merged into a single repo, split by BaseArch  
#  
# Note: packages in the debuginfo repo are currently not signed  
#  
      
[debug]  
name=CentOS-6 - Debuginfo  
baseurl=http://debuginfo.centos.org/6/$basearch/  
gpgcheck=1  
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Debug-6  
enabled=1

保存之後,使用 debuginfo-install glibc-2.12-1.132.el6.i686 安裝,輸出如下:

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit  
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile  
 * base: mirrors.yun-idc.com  
 * extras: mirrors.yun-idc.com  
 * updates: mirrors.yun-idc.com  
debug                                                                                                                                 | 2.5 kB     00:00       
Checking for new repos for mirrors  
--> Running transaction check  
---> Package glibc-debuginfo.i686 0:2.12-1.132.el6 will be installed  
--> Processing Dependency: glibc-debuginfo-common = 2.12-1.132.el6 for package: glibc-debuginfo-2.12-1.132.el6.i686  
---> Package nss-softokn-debuginfo.i686 0:3.12.9-11.el6 will be installed  
---> Package yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info.noarch 0:1.1.30-17.el6_5 will be installed  
--> Running transaction check  
---> Package glibc-debuginfo-common.i686 0:2.12-1.132.el6 will be installed  
--> Finished Dependency Resolution  
      
Dependencies Resolved  
      
=============================================================================================================================================================  
 Package                                                Arch                        Version                               Repository                    Size  
=============================================================================================================================================================  
Installing:  
 glibc-debuginfo                                        i686                        2.12-1.132.el6                        debug                         10 M  
 nss-softokn-debuginfo                                  i686                        3.12.9-11.el6                         debug                        1.0 M  
 yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info                      noarch                      1.1.30-17.el6_5                       updates                       22 k  
Installing for dependencies:  
 glibc-debuginfo-common                                 i686                        2.12-1.132.el6                        debug                        7.5 M  
      
Transaction Summary  
=============================================================================================================================================================  
Install       4 Package(s)  
      
Total size: 19 M  
Total download size: 8.6 M  
Installed size: 93 M  
Is this ok [y/N]: y  
Downloading Packages:  
(1/3): glibc-debuginfo-common-2.12-1.132.el6.i686.rpm                                                                                 | 7.5 MB     12:03       
(2/3): nss-softokn-debuginfo-3.12.9-11.el6.i686.rpm                                                                                   | 1.0 MB     01:56       
(3/3): yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info-1.1.30-17.el6_5.noarch.rpm                                                                   |  22 kB     00:00       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
Total                                                                                                                         10 kB/s | 8.6 MB     14:10       
Running rpm_check_debug  
Running Transaction Test  
Transaction Test Succeeded  
Running Transaction  
  Installing : glibc-debuginfo-common-2.12-1.132.el6.i686                                                                                                1/4   
  Installing : glibc-debuginfo-2.12-1.132.el6.i686                                                                                                       2/4   
  Installing : yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info-1.1.30-17.el6_5.noarch                                                                                  3/4   
  Installing : nss-softokn-debuginfo-3.12.9-11.el6.i686                                                                                                  4/4   
  Verifying  : glibc-debuginfo-common-2.12-1.132.el6.i686                                                                                                1/4   
  Verifying  : nss-softokn-debuginfo-3.12.9-11.el6.i686                                                                                                  2/4   
  Verifying  : glibc-debuginfo-2.12-1.132.el6.i686                                                                                                       3/4   
  Verifying  : yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info-1.1.30-17.el6_5.noarch                                                                                  4/4   
      
Installed:  
  glibc-debuginfo.i686 0:2.12-1.132.el6      nss-softokn-debuginfo.i686 0:3.12.9-11.el6      yum-plugin-auto-update-debug-info.noarch 0:1.1.30-17.el6_5       
      
Dependency Installed:  
  glibc-debuginfo-common.i686 0:2.12-1.132.el6                                                                                                                 
      
Complete!

OK,問題解決。

第二次安裝總結:

1、需要先修改“/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Debuginfo.repo”文件的enable=1;

2、使用 sudo yum install glibc 安裝;

3、使用 debuginfo-install glibc-2.12-1.132.el6.i686 安裝。

測試,安裝成功。

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